Download PDF by Janet Hunter: 'Deficient in Commercial Morality'?: Japan in Global Debates
By Janet Hunter
This enlightening textual content analyses the origins of Western court cases, universal within the overdue 19th century, that Japan was once characterized on the time through awfully low criteria of ‘commercial morality’, regardless of an immense political and fiscal transformation. As Britain industrialised in the course of the 19th century the problem of ‘commercial morality’ used to be more and more debated. matters approximately criteria of industrial ethics prolonged to different industrialising economies, corresponding to the USA. Hunter examines the japanese reaction to the fees levelled opposed to Japan during this context, arguing that this was once formed through a practical reputation that Japan had little selection yet to conform itself to Western expectancies if it was once to set up its place within the worldwide economic system. the talk and criticisms, which have been not less than partially prompted via worry of jap pageant, are vital within the historical past of pondering on enterprise ethics, and are of relevance for today’s industrialising economies as they try to identify themselves in overseas markets.
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Additional info for 'Deficient in Commercial Morality'?: Japan in Global Debates on Business Ethics in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
128. 18. Herbert Spencer, ‘The Morals of Trade’, reproduced in Herbert Spencer, Essays: Scientific, Political and Speculative, vol. 107–148. Spencer’s views are also noted in Gabriel CREDIT, SPECULATION, LEGISLATION, AND REPUTATION: … 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 19ff. 107. 127ff. Economist, 14/01/1868. Times, 6/11/1873. Times, 8/11/1873. Manchester Guardian, 7/04/1868. Times, 6/11/1873, 8/11/1873. Economist, 22/11/1884.
72 The reputation of the British trader therefore continued to be widely seen as the guarantor of ongoing success in the international trading environment. It is in that context that the British and other industrial nations came to compare their own standards of honesty with those of other countries. In the process, they laid down what they saw as a global hierarchy of commercial morality. Despite the widespread concerns about the fraudulent activities of some British businessmen discussed above and their perceived negative impact both on individuals and on the national reputation, when it came CREDIT, SPECULATION, LEGISLATION, AND REPUTATION: … 25 to the international context, most commentators through the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries continued to identify British traders as adhering to higher standards of morality in trade than their counterparts in other countries.
58. 177. Abend’s key argument is that the academic field of business ethics in the USA emerged in the context of the establishment of business schools in major universities, and that there is a strong resonance between the concerns and arguments of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and those of a hundred years later. 59. 178–189. 180. 60. 17, 21. 61. 107. 62. 594. 63. ‘Commercial Morality’, South Australian Register, 27/02/1862. 64. 121–154. 65. 44–49. 66. 270. 67. 791.
'Deficient in Commercial Morality'?: Japan in Global Debates on Business Ethics in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries by Janet Hunter