Read e-book online Dean's Handbook of Organic Chemistry PDF

By George W Gokel

ISBN-10: 0071375937

ISBN-13: 9780071375931

Guide offers complete insurance of natural chemistry; together with functional details, key equations and tables, and an intensive creation to every subject. Revised to incorporate 50% new content material. prior version: c1987.

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Sample text

SiH4 is called silane; its acyclic homologs are called disilane, trisilane, and so on, according to the number of silicon atoms present. The chain is numbered from one end to the other so as to give the lowest-numbered locant in radicals to the free valence or to substituents on a chain. The abbreviated form silyl is used for the radical SiH3 ˆ . Numbering and citation of side chains proceed according to the principles set forth for hydrocarbon chains. Cyclic nonaromatic structures are designated by the prefix cyclo-.

For oximes, the word oxime is placed after the name of the aldehyde or ketone. If the carbonyl group is not the principal group, use the prefix hydroxyimino-. Compounds with the group aN ˆ OR are named by a prefix alkyloxyimino- as oxime O-ethers or as O-substituted oximes. Compounds with the group aC ϭ N(O)R are named by adding Noxide after the name of the alkylideneamine compound. For amine oxides, add the word oxide after the name of the base, with locants. For example, C5H5N ˆ O is named pyridine N-oxide or pyridine 1-oxide.

Conjunctive nomenclature may be applied when a principal group is attached to an acyclic component that is directly attached by a carbon–carbon bond to a cyclic component. The name of the cyclic component is attached directly in front of the name of the acyclic component carrying the principal group. This nomenclature is not used when an unsaturated side chain is named systematically. When necessary, the position of the side chain is indicated by a locant placed before the name of the cyclic component.

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Dean's Handbook of Organic Chemistry by George W Gokel

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