Corporate Crime, Law, and Social Control by Sally S. Simpson PDF
By Sally S. Simpson
Why do agencies conform to the legislations? while businesses violate the legislation, what sorts of interventions are so much apt to come them to compliant prestige? the aim of this ebook is to check no matter if a shift towards using legal legislation with its emphasis on punishment and stigmatization should be a profitable crime regulate procedure. the writer experiences no matter if present criminal structures dependent in legal, civil, and regulatory legislation ''deter'' company crime. She concludes that strict criminalization versions that depend on punishments won't yield sufficiently excessive degrees of compliance.
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Extra resources for Corporate Crime, Law, and Social Control
91 Conclusions The social control of corporate offending increasingly is utilizing a strategy of criminalization. But what are the perceived benefits of prosecuting a case criminally rather than administratively or civilly? Generally, the application of criminal sanctions is thought to be stigmatic - that is, offenders are shamed by a "criminal" label. Civil or regulatory interventions are generally nonstigmatic and conciliatory. 92 Equally important for deterrence adherents is that criminal convictions often carry harsher penalties than those available through other legal means, especially for individuals who are convicted and sentenced to jail or prison.
Beccaria argued that human beings, upon joining society, gave up certain individual freedoms in exchange for the protection and security that society offered. 1 1 Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments, trans. Henry Paolucci (Indianapolis: BobbsMerrill, 1963). 22 DETERRENCE IN REVIEW 23 Classical criminologists assumed that all persons were capable of criminality because of a "natural" human tendency to pursue pleasurable activities. This natural hedonism, however, was tempered by rationality.
These estimates are then juxtaposed against self-reported criminal participation to see whether perceptions of punishment threat influence a person's behavior. It is difficult to summarize findings from the perceptual deterrence literature because research designs, variables of interest, operationalization, and statistical methods vary greatly from study to study. Yet, after several decades of research in this area, some relatively consistent patterns have emerged. Uncommitted. Among the criminally uncommitted, legal sanctions are of little consequence to decision processes.
Corporate Crime, Law, and Social Control by Sally S. Simpson