Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach (Core Linguistics) - download pdf or read online
By David Adger
This is often an advent to the constitution of sentences in human languages. It assumes no earlier wisdom of linguistic thought and little of straight forward grammar. it is going to swimsuit scholars coming to syntactic idea for the 1st time both as graduates or undergraduates. it's going to even be important for these in fields resembling computational technology, synthetic intelligence, or cognitive psychology who want a sound wisdom of present syntactic idea.
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Extra resources for Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach (Core Linguistics)
As an example, compare English with a language like Scottish Gaelic, where the same colour term is used for the sky and for grass (the term is gorm). Scottish Gaelic speakers (most of whom are bilingual in English) are perfectly aware that there is a spectral difference between the colour of the sky and the colour of grass, but their colour vocabulary is not sensitive to the same spectral differences as is the colour vocabulary of English. This true throughout the colour system of Gaelic: the words ruadh and dearg are both used to refer to red things, but something which is ruadh cannot be shiny, whereas something which is dearg cannot be dull.
Task 2: Explain how this hypothesis extends to the following data: (8) He kicked him (9) They kicked them (10) She kicked her (Hint, think carefully about the co-reference possibilities in these sentences) Part B Recall the two grammars that you chose between in the last exercise. Grammar A stated that imperatives had an unpronounced subject, while grammar B stated that imperatives had no subject at all, but that only second person reflexives could appear in imperatives. Now consider the following data: (11) Kick me!
Because of this, the more restrictive approach (and therefore the more explanatorily adequate) seems to be to assume that there is a set of universal features, and that the child’s task is to select the features that are at play in the language he or she is acquiring. ’. 4 Motivating Features The way that we motivated the features discussed above ([singular], [plural]) was on the basis of the fact that (i) there were relations between the shapes of words (recall that these are termed morphological forms), and (ii) there was an effect on semantic interpretation.
Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach (Core Linguistics) by David Adger