Contested Memories and the Demands of the Past: History - download pdf or read online
By Catharina Raudvere
This publication brings jointly new views on collective reminiscence within the sleek Muslim global. It discusses how reminiscence cultures are validated and used at nationwide degrees – in legitimate heritage writing, in the course of the erection of monuments, the fashioning of academic curricula and during media suggestions – in addition to within the interface with either inventive expressions and pop culture within the Muslim global at huge. The representations of collective reminiscence were one of many most advantageous instruments in nationwide identification politics, grass-root mobilization, theological debates over Islam and common discussions on what constitutes ‘the smooth within the heart East’ in addition to in Muslim diaspora environments. Few, if any, modern conflicts within the sector should be understood extensive with out a definite specialise in quite a few makes use of of historical past, reminiscence cultures and non secular meta-narratives in any respect societal degrees, and in artwork and literature. This e-book can be of use to scholars and students within the fields of identification Politics, Islamic experiences, Media and Cultural Anthropology.
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Additional resources for Contested Memories and the Demands of the Past: History Cultures in the Modern Muslim World
One of the conceivable routes for the Central Asian leaders to take in trying to secure fundamental legitimacy would have been to use Islam as a centrepiece (Roy 2000). As Islamic practices were actively discouraged during the Soviet era, building new national identities on religion would have constituted a decisive and symbolic break with the past. This was also a road initially taken by the five Central Asian leaders at the time. After independence each of them soon embarked on highly publicized pilgrimages to Mecca, and all quickly moved to create their own national organizations for Islamic clergy [muftiyats] (Hann and Pelkmans 2009: 1525).
The construction of new national symbols and the preservation and recreation of old ones is prominent in contemporary narratives of nationhood in Kazakhstan. More generally, the representation of political myth is to a significant extent made through language and visual imagery. Research on such phenomena thus needs to use a methodological approach that takes symbols, imagery and other artefacts into account (Bottici and Challand 2014: 7). Place observation has accordingly been undertaken by the authors.
The President: Personality Cult The Central Asian republics are known for having leaders that act more like strongmen than presidents elected by proper popular mandate (Brill Olcott 1997). In Uzbekistan, the longstanding president, Islam Karimov, has built a system where personal loyalty is indispensable for making political careers (Lewis 2008). In Kyrgyzstan, the former presidents Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiev, regardless of the different durations of their incumbencies, created regimes where family and friends controlled a large part of the economy.
Contested Memories and the Demands of the Past: History Cultures in the Modern Muslim World by Catharina Raudvere