Configurationality in Hungarian - download pdf or read online
By Katalin E. Kiss
The function of this ebook is to argue for the declare that Hungarian sentence constitution involves a non-configurational propositional part, preceded via configurationally made up our minds operator positions. during this, a variety of descriptive problems with Hungarian syntax may be analyzed, and diverse theoretical questions in regards to the life and nature of non configurational languages might be addressed. The descriptive difficulties to be tested in Chapters 2 and three focus on the be aware order of Hungarian sentences. bankruptcy 2 identifies an invariant constitution within the it seems that freely permutable Hungarian sentence, declaring systematic correspondences among the structural place, interpre tation, and stressing and intonation of the several components. bankruptcy three analyzes the be aware order phenomenon frequently known as 'sentence inter- I twining' of advanced sentences, and exhibits that the time period, in truth, covers assorted buildings (a constitution due to operator flow, and a base generated development) with alterations in constituent order, operator scope and V-object contract. bankruptcy four bargains interpretation, case task, with the coreference chances of reflexives, reciprocals, own professional nouns, and lexical NPs. eventually, bankruptcy five assigns constructions to the 2 significant sentence kinds containing an infinitive. It analyzes infinitives with an AGR marker and a lexical topic, targeting the matter of case task to the topic, in addition to topic regulate buildings, accounting for his or her frequently paradoxical, concurrently mono- and biclausal behaviour in recognize to be aware order, operator scope, and V-object agreement.
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The lack of the subject-object asymmetries it predicts, will be discussed in subsequent chapters. The complete parallelism of extraction from subject and object positions will be shown in Chapter 3. , while the lack of Weak Crossover phenomena will be discussed in Chapter 5. 3. The Partially Non-configurational Approach The most successful attempt-in my opinion- to derive the structure and word order of the Hungarian sentence has been Brassai's forgotten theory (cf. Brassai 1860, 1863-65). Brassai noticed that in the superficially so different sentence structures of the various languages ofthe world there is an invariant organizing principle.
In such embedded sentences the left dislocated NP, which is outside S, follows the complementizer. This is as expected if we assume structure (26a), and claim that bogy is a subordinating operator which normally takes an S operand, but marginally it can also operate upon an ~. Peter, aki Mariat, ot nem szereti j6 baratom. Peter who Mary-ace her not loves good friend-my Peter, who, as for Mary, does not like her, is a good friend of mine. Nem voltam ott, amikor Janost, ot elvitte not was-/ there when John-ace him took a mento.
PreY-incorporation, a stricter morphological process, with the possible PreY + V combinations fixed, is analyzed as affixation. N-incorporation, which is a much freer process, creating occasional N + V combinations, is regarded as compounding. Despite their lexical and semantic dependence, incorporated complements behave syntactically as fully independent maximal major categories. For instance, there is no limit to the possible distance between the V and the incorporated constituent in the sentence.
Configurationality in Hungarian by Katalin E. Kiss