Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage by Brian MacWhinney PDF

By Brian MacWhinney

ISBN-10: 0198709846

ISBN-13: 9780198709848

This quantity examines the conflicting elements that form the content material and type of grammatical ideas in language utilization. audio system and addressees have to deal with those principles whilst expressing themselves and whilst attempting to understand messages. for instance, there are on-going competitions among the speaker's pursuits and the addressee's wishes, or among constraints imposed via grammar and people imposed by way of on-line processing. those competitions impact a large choice of structures, together with case marking, contract and notice order, politeness types, lexical offerings, and the placement of relative clauses.

Chapters within the e-book examine grammar and utilization in grownup language in addition to first and moment language acquisition, and the motivations that force historic switch. numerous of the chapters search factors for the competitions concerned, in line with previous money owed together with the contest version, traditional Morphology, the functional-typological culture, and Optimality thought. The e-book might be of curiosity to linguists from a large choice of backgrounds, really these drawn to psycholinguistics, old linguistics, philosophy of language, and language acquisition, from complicated undergraduate point upwards.

Show description

Read Online or Download Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage PDF

Similar grammar books

Download e-book for kindle: The AMA Handbook of Business Writing: The Ultimate Guide to by Kevin Wilson, Jennifer Wauson

Notice: Retail-quality PDF. Searchable, bookmarked.

Just simply because you're no longer a born author doesn't suggest you want to accept under ideal enterprise records. in spite of everything, each piece you write displays without delay at the caliber of the services or products your corporation bargains. Now, this beneficial consultant takes the guesswork out of greater than 50 customary enterprise records, together with: reviews Proposals; enterprise plans; shows; Press releases; Memos; e mail Newsletters; assortment letters; and, revenues fabrics. prepared alphabetically and cross-referenced for simpler use, the e-book provides transparent examples of ways to (and how to not) create successful fabrics whenever. The authors' step by step directions commence with an outline of the writing approach, from guidance and learn all the way through to ultimate evaluate and e-book. pattern records exhibit you the way your items should still glance and skim, and shut to three hundred person entries hide key issues of grammar, kind and spelling, and current options for writing extra sincerely, fending off bias, putting off cliches, and masses extra.

Download PDF by Yan-kit Ingrid Leung: Third language acquisition and universal grammar

"Third Language Acquisition and common Grammar" includes 9 chapters on grownup 3rd language (L3) or multilingual acquisition from the common Grammar (UG) viewpoint. numerous languages except English are enthusiastic about the reports mentioned within the papers, together with Cantonese chinese language, French, German, Italian, jap, Kazakh, Mandarin chinese language, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, and Thai, with acquisition instances happening in a few diversified geographical destinations, resembling Canada, Germany, Hong Kong, Norway, Taiwan, Thailand, the united kingdom and america.

Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 3, by Timothy Shopen PDF

This three-volume survey brings jointly a workforce of best students to discover the syntactic and morphological constructions of the world's languages. in actual fact prepared and broad-ranging, it covers subject matters reminiscent of parts-of-speech, passives, complementation, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, inflectional morphology, annoying, point, temper, and diexis.

Additional info for Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Sample text

Brian MacWhinney’s comprehensive study “Competition across time,” which concludes the volume, argues that, like other biological systems, language emerges as a product of competing motivations that interact at the moment of speaking. The different motivations are each linked to a different timeframe involved in the processing of language, in memory, in social interaction, and in interaction with the environment. The different motivations need to mesh at the moment of speaking and they ultimately produce longterm impacts on individual speakers and on language communities.

The same language-internal grammatical variation is taken up in Jan Strunk’s chapter (“A statistical model of competing motivations affecting relative clause extraposition in German”). Strunk observes that relative clause extraposition has been studied by both generativists and functionalists. Whereas generativists have concentrated on structural and semantic factors, such as syntactic locality, definiteness, and restrictiveness, functionalists have investigated surface-oriented factors: the length of the relative clause and the distance between it and its antecedent.

The pattern in Tongan is attributed to the accusative Bias, the pattern in Belhare to Harmony, while blocking illustrates a third outcome of the constraint conflict. Yet another resolution of the constraint conflict is attested in Tindi (Daghestanian), where either the ergative or the absolutive NP can be the controllee (Kibrik 1985). (11) Tindi (Kibrik 1985, adopted from Van Valin 2001: 57) a. Wacuła [jaći hēła] q’očā hik: ’i. ’ Omitted NP = subject b. Jaćuła [waći L’eła] q’očā hik: ’i. ’ The two latter options (neither A and P, or both A and P are controllees) can again be seen as a compromise in resolving a conflict between the accusative Bias and the Harmony with ergative coding.

Download PDF sample

Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage by Brian MacWhinney


by Richard
4.1

Rated 4.34 of 5 – based on 38 votes