Download PDF by Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen,: Commercializing biobased products : opportunities,
By Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, Cristina Negri, Thaddeus Ezeji, Nasib Qureshi, Kim Magrini, Saurav Datta, Steven Peretti, Yanna Liang, YuPo Lin, Richard I Masel, Jennifer Dunn, Fengqi You, Robert E Kozak, Lara Dammer, Damian Bla
Biobased items provide titanic financial and environmental advantages, yet figuring out the right way to commercialize this calls for a accomplished examine the method, together with feedstocks, applied sciences, product slate, offer chain, coverage, financing, and environmental impact.
Covering biobased items in a huge context, this ebook examines the environmental and fiscal affects, compares US and european regulations, explores the criteria affecting financing, and considers organic conversion, catalytic conversion, and separations.
By studying the method from numerous severe views within the provide chain, this e-book presents chemical engineers with a greater figuring out of demanding situations, possibilities, hazards, and advantages of commercialization.
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Extra resources for Commercializing biobased products : opportunities, challenges, benefits, and risks
30 Bonin et al. compared soil properties in corn, switchgrass and short rotation willow grown in experimental plots in Ohio and found that switchgrass plots had, after seven years, the lowest penetration resistance, lowest surface bulk density, and highest field moisture content of the three crops. Water infiltration rates appeared to be not statistically diﬀerent among crops, however, they were higher in switchgrass. 2 Soil Carbon Perennial grasses in general are thought to increase soil carbon stock over time compared to row crops.
79). Any drought tolerance appears to be correlated with lower productivity: Zub and Brancourt-Hulmel68 reported that there are diﬀerences between Miscanthus spp. in tolerance to drought, whereby M. x sinensis was found to be less productive but more drought tolerant than M. x giganteus as it is capable of reducing leaf water conductance under even mild water stress. This trait was not found in M. 46 The strong, upright stems of Miscanthus are also believed to be more resistant to the physical impacts of flooding than other grasses.
Netherlands); Purac (Netherlands) As of 2014 and generally described on company websites. 3 Sampling of products on a commercial development track. Chemical or intermediate 1,4-Dicarboxylic acids Manufacturer or developer Michigan Biotechnology Institute, Myriant, DSM, Roquette, BioAmber Algal oils Solazyme, Sapphire Energy, Martek (now part of DSM), oil companies and many others worldwide Biomass oils KIOR, UOP-Honeywell (Ecofiningt), Gas Technology Institute (TIGAS technology) with Carbona and Haldor Topsoe Biomass gasification Gas Technology Institute with Carbona and Haldor Topsoe Furanic derivatives Avantium YXY technology 1,4-Butanediol and Genomatica (with BASF and butadiene Versalis) C2–C6 chain esters, ZeaChem acids, alcohols and alkenes Farnesene Amyris (Biofenes) Butanol and C4 alcohols Ethylene Butamax, Gevo, other small companies DOW, Braskem Clean sugars Old Town Fuel and Fiber, BlueFire Renewbles, Motti & Ghisolfi (Chemtex), Renmatix, ICM and others C2–C3 intermediates Enerkem a 21 Purpose or use (if published, announced or expresseda) Intermediate for chemicals such as 1,4-butanediol, solvents and deicers.
Commercializing biobased products : opportunities, challenges, benefits, and risks by Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, Cristina Negri, Thaddeus Ezeji, Nasib Qureshi, Kim Magrini, Saurav Datta, Steven Peretti, Yanna Liang, YuPo Lin, Richard I Masel, Jennifer Dunn, Fengqi You, Robert E Kozak, Lara Dammer, Damian Bla