Download e-book for kindle: Characterization and Catalyst Development. An Interactive by Ralph J. Bertolacini, Steven A. Bradley, Mark J. Gattuso

By Ralph J. Bertolacini, Steven A. Bradley, Mark J. Gattuso

ISBN-10: 0841212678

ISBN-13: 9780841212671

ISBN-10: 0841216843

ISBN-13: 9780841216846

content material: The function of catalyst characterization in approach improvement / Vladimir Haensel and Hertha Skala Haensel --
intent for catalyst characterization / Kamil Klier --
courting among catalyst practise and characterization / Stephen D. Griffith --
courting among constitution and catalytic functionality of dealuminated Y zeolites / R.L. Cotterman, D.A. Hickson, and M.P. Shatlock --
Tin passivation of vanadium contaminants in version fluid cracking catalysts : spectroscopic reports / S.L. Suib, M.W. Anderson, and M.L. Occelli --
practise and characterization of magnesium aluminate spinel for SOx abatement in fluid catalytic cracking / Alak A. Bhattacharyya, Gerald M. Woltermann, and William E. Cormier --
Attrition-resistant porous debris produced via spray drying / Horacio E. Bergna --
Hydrous sodium titanate ion-exchange fabrics to be used as catalyst helps / B.C. Bunker, C.H.F. Peden, S.L. Martinez, E.J. Braunschweig, and A.K. Datye --
Decoking and regeneration of a hydrotreating catalyst by way of supercritical extraction / M. Seapan and Z. Guohui --
A philosophy for trying out / W.H. Flank --
Ten instructions for catalyst checking out / Frits M. Dautzenberg --
assessment of fluid cracking catalysts : a comparative learn of checking out philosophies / E.L. Moorehead, M.J. Margolis, and J.B. McLean --
A microscale simulation attempt for fluid catalytic cracking / P. O'Connor and M.B. Hartkamp --
greater regeneration caliber with size and density grading / J.D. Seamans, J.G. Welch, and C.A. Vuitel --
Statistical types of delivery and response in porous media and their purposes in catalysis / Muhammad Sahimi and Theodore T. Tsotsis --
Characterization of catalytic structures utilizing nuclear magnetic resonance and vibrational and electron spectroscopies / Tery L. Barr --
floor characterization of steel oxide overlayers / K.J. Williams, M.E. Levin, M. Salmeron, A.T. Bell, and G.A. Somorjai --
floor houses of mixed-metal catalysts / D.W. Goodman --
reports of Pt steel catalysis via high-resolution electron spectroscopy for chemical research / Tery L. Barr and M.P. Yin --
Characterization of supported steel catalysts via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy : the matter of the binding power reference / Robert F. Hicks --
Catalyst characterization by way of infrared spectroscopic tools / J.B. Peri --
Light-off temperature choice of oxidation catalyst utilizing Fourier remodel IR procedure / Chen C. Hsu --
Temperature-programmed desorption research of CO on Pt-reforming catalysts / R.L. Mieville and M.G. Reichmann --
Pore constitution characterization of catalyst helps through low-field NMR spectroscopy / D.M. Smith, C.L. Glaves, D.P. Gallegos, and C.J. Brinker --
Characterization of Y zeolites through ²³Na magic-angle-spinning NMR spectroscopy / L.B. Welsh and S.L. Lambert --
X-ray and electron microscopic analyses of catalysts / Heinz J. Robota and Steven A. Bradley --
elements affecting X-ray diffraction features of catalyst fabrics / Wayne J. Rohrbaugh and Ellen L. Wu --
Characterization of the recent zeolite ECR-1 / D.E.W. Vaughan, M.E. Leonowicz, and K.G. Strohmaier --
constitution of cobalt sulfide section in carbon-supported Co and Co-Mo sulfide catalysts : reports by means of prolonged X-ray absorption superb constitution (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption close to part constitution (XANES) / S.M.A.M. Bouwens, D.C. Koningsberger, V.H.J. de Beer, and R. Prins --
X-ray absorption close to aspect constitution (XANES) and prolonged X-ray absorption effective constitution (EXAFS) spectra of Pt-Sn-alumina catalysts / Yong-Xi Li, N.-S. Chiu, W.-H. Lee, S.H. Bauer, and B.H. Davis --
Characterization of catalysts via scanning transmission electron microscopy / William M. Targos and Steven A. Bradley --
Characterization of fluid cracking catalysts through imaging secondary-ion mass spectrometry / D.P. Leta and E.L. Kugler --
Microstructural examine of an iron silicate catalyst via electron microscopy / Roseann Csencsits and Ronald Gronsky --
Mechanical and actual checking out of catalysts / Ralph J. Bertolacini --
caliber insurance for bought catalysts / F.H. Puls --
Bulk weigh down trying out of catalysts / Steven A. Bradley, Emory Pitzer, and William J. Koves --
Single-pellet overwhelm power checking out of catalysts / P.K. Brienza --
Attrition- and metal-resistant fluid cracking catalyst ready with alumina powder within the matrix / L.A. Pedersen, J.A. Lowe, and C.K. Matocha, Sr. --
Characterization of catalyst fabrics as reference criteria / Ruth A. Haines.

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Example text

Ch004 2 7 C a t a l y t i c P r o p e r t i e s . C a t a l y t i c p r o p e r t i e s were d e t e r m i n e d f o r b o t h c a l c i n e d and steamed z e o l i t e s u s i n g hexadecane c r a c k i n g as a t e s t r e a c t i o n . Hexadecane c r a c k i n g p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on z e o l i t e a c t i v i t y and s e l e c t i v i t y which can be used t o e s t i m a t e octane p r o d u c t i o n . Data were o b t a i n e d f o r b o t h c a l c i n e d and steamed z e o l i t e s a t hexadecane c o n v e r s i o n s from 30% t o 70%; m u l t i p l e runs were made f o r each c a t a l y s t .

Table V I I . Hexadecane C r a c k i n g R e s u l t s f o r Steamed Z e o l i t e s . 8 F i g u r e 5 shows n o r m a l i z e d PONA s e l e c t i v i t i e s i n the C5-C12 f r a c t i o n from hexadecane c r a c k i n g . Data are i n c l u d e d a t c o n v e r s i o n s between 30%-70% over b o t h AFS and USY z e o l i t e s . C a l c i n e d and steamed samples are r e p r e s e n t e d by open and c l o s e d symbols, r e s p e c t i v e l y . The d a t a d i s p l a y g e n e r a l c o r r e l a t i o n s w h i c h a r e independent o f y i e l d s t r u c t u r e and c a t a l y s t m o d i f i c a t i o n .

S t r u c t u r a l f e a t u r e s such as u n i t c e l l s i z e , p r e s e n c e o f e x t r a f r a m e w o r k m a t e r i a l , p o r e - s i z e d i s t r i b u t i o n , and a c t i v e s i t e s p a t i a l d i s t r i b u t i o n a f f e c t z e o l i t e a c i d i t y and d i f f u s i o n a l p r o p e r t i e s which, i n t u r n , i n f l u e n c e hydrocarbon r e a c t i v i t y . The o b j e c t i v e o f t h i s work i s t o i d e n t i f y r e l a t i o n s h i p s between s t r u c t u r e and c a t a l y t i c performance i n t h e s p e c i f i c case o f h y d r o c a r b o n c r a c k i n g over d e a l u m i n a t e d Y z e o l i t e s .

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Characterization and Catalyst Development. An Interactive Approach by Ralph J. Bertolacini, Steven A. Bradley, Mark J. Gattuso

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