Download e-book for kindle: Catholic Royalism in the Department of the Gard 1814-1852 by Brian Fitzpatrick
By Brian Fitzpatrick
The Gard in southern France was once the scene of in depth bloodshed in 1790, whilst competitors of the Revolution attempted unsuccessfully to avoid switch, and back in 1815, once they sought revenge via a gently ready White Terror. The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 additionally provoked violent clash within the Gard, or even whilst the dept seemed to take pleasure in tranquillity, political and social family there have been soured via intimidation and worry. This examine indicates how the royalist counter-revolutionaries have been in a position to polarise opinion by means of emphasising the Protestantism in their competitors. Anti-Protestant sentiment, accentuated by way of the organization of Protestants with the political and fiscal associations of the Revolution and Empire, produced a counter-revolutionary circulate within which neighborhood issues predominated. The Catholic royalist leaders' ambition to accomplish greatest autonomy for his or her specific royaume du Midi introduced them into clash not just with valuable govt but in addition with their proclaimed loyalty to the Bourbons.
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Additional resources for Catholic Royalism in the Department of the Gard 1814-1852
Often, nothing more than a formal observance of Catholic requirements was demanded - the Nimes Protestants, for example, had their own pastors and held their services discreetly throughout the entire period of persecution. One small but powerful section of the Protestant elite appears to have enjoyed complete immunity from the consequences of the Revocation because of its economic power. A recent study of the eighteenth-century bankers and financiers suggests that many of the richest Protestants who remained in Languedoc instead of seeking asylum in Switzerland or other Protestant countries continued to prosper: La revocation .
264-8. 79 On their own, the counter-revolutionaries like Francois Froment and CharlesFrancois de Trinquelague could not have harboured dreams of leading massive and sustained resistance to the sudden and dramatic change in the status quo which occurred between the spring of 1789 and the summer of 1790. Yet the Gard became the scene of the first popularly supported assault on the Revolution in June 1790, and witnessed further popular counterrevolutionary agitation in 1791 and 1792. In all of these cases, the attack on the Revolution was infused with violent anti-Protestantism.
The language of popular Protestantism became impregnated with emotive words - resister, scratched into the wall of the notorious Tour de Constance at AiguesMortes, and still visible; le desert, the name they gave to their years of persecution and clandestine worship in the mountains; galerien pour lafoi, the greatest accolade of all, and which requires no comment. These phrases and words summarised a collective experience which set the Protestants apart from their Catholic neighbours. Some Protestants, inspired by a wave of prophecy, rose up against their persecutors at the end of the seventeenth century and inaugurated an outbreak of violence justified by the Old Testament principle of an eye for an eye.
Catholic Royalism in the Department of the Gard 1814-1852 by Brian Fitzpatrick