By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky
Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly reports within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in quite a few languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, sleek Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical matters explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the id of adjectives as a unique lexical classification in Mandarin chinese language. a different 4 contributions study diversified points within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and point in adjectives. This quantity might be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
By Charles Marfo
This booklet discusses facets of the grammar of Akan, a language spoken in Ghana, and the theoretical points of the connection among phonology and syntax. relatively, a few buildings are explored within the point of view of the phonology-syntax interface. The life of phrasal or post-lexical ideas has influenced learn within the phonology-syntax interface. during this regard, linguists are confronted with a few theoretical questions. one in all them is with admire to how the phonology-syntax interface could be conceived; via Direct Reference or oblique Reference? it's complicated during this e-book that the phonology may well make connection with the syntax, yet purely remotely throughout the prosodic constitution of the phonological part of the grammar (e.g. Zec and Inkelas 1990). Syntactic research of a few of the structures explored are performed within the framework of Lexical-Functional Grammar (e.g. Bresnan 2001). it truly is claimed that the prosodic constitution essentially pertains to the constituent constitution of Lexical-Functional Grammar via a proposed mapping set of rules, the Compositional Mapping thought. this can be as a way to accurately clarify the phrasal principles happening within the explored Akan buildings.
By Hossein Nassaji
Contemporary SLA study acknowledges the need of recognition to grammar and demonstrates that form-focused guide is mainly powerful whilst it really is integrated right into a significant communicative context. Designed particularly for second-language lecturers, this article identifies and explores many of the suggestions for integrating a spotlight on grammar and attention on conversation in school room contexts and provides concrete examples of educating actions for every option. every one bankruptcy features a description of the choice, its theoretical and empirical history, examples of actions illustrating in a non-technical demeanour the way it might be carried out within the school room, questions for mirrored image, and an inventory of necessary assets that academics can seek advice for extra info.
By Eric J. Reuland
The tips awarded via the contributions during this quantity originated in a workshop on Burzio’s generalization. Burzio’s Generalization (BG) states verb which doesn't assign an exterior theta-role to its topic doesn't assign structural accusative Case to an item and conversely. It connects cross-linguistic similarities among e.g. passives, elevating verbs, and unaccusatives. in spite of the fact that, it does so via linking very varied houses of a predicate. This increases primary questions on its theoretical prestige. The contributions during this quantity discover BG’s theoretical foundation. A consensus emerges that BG is, in reality, an epiphenomenon, a result of interplay of alternative ideas of grammar. additionally, the contributions exhibit a outstanding convergence as to how BG is finally derived. the implications received make an important contribution to the extra improvement of theories of Case and thematic family.
By Nesset, Tore
This e-book is correct for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a that means? those questions are explored through a entire research of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The research is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the publication deals comparisons to different kinds of cognitive linguistics, comparable to building Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed research is moreover in comparison to rule-based and constraint-based ways to phonology in generative grammar. with out resorting to underlying representations or procedural principles, the Cognitive Linguistics framework allows an insightful method of summary phonology, providing the real benefit of restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar offers an research of a whole morphophonological process by way of a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that each one have cognitive motivation. No advert hoc equipment is invoked, and the research yields powerful empirical predictions. one other virtue is that Cognitive Grammar can determine the which means of morphophonological alternations. for instance, it's argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to sign non-past which means. This publication is obtainable to a huge readership and provides a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, that have been understudied in cognitive linguistics.
Download e-book for iPad: The Role of Semantic, Pragmatic, and Discourse Factors in by Jóhanna Barddal, Shobhana L. Chelliah
By Jóhanna Barddal, Shobhana L. Chelliah
The purpose of this quantity is to deliver non-syntactic components within the improvement of case into the attention of the learn box, via illustrating the essential position of pragmatics, semantics, and discourse constitution within the ancient improvement of morphologically marked case platforms. The articles symbolize fifteen typologically various languages from 4 diversified language households: (i) Indo-European: Vedic Sanskrit, Russian, Greek, Latin, Latvian, Gothic, French, German, Icelandic, and Faroese; (ii) Tibeto-Burman, specifically the Bodic languages and Meithei; (iii) jap; and (iv) the Pama-Nyungan combined language Gurindji Kriol. the information additionally express significant variety and contain elicited, archival, corpus-based, and of course happening facts. Discussions of mechanisms the place switch is got contain semantically and aspectually encouraged synchronic case edition, discourse inspired topic marking, aid or growth of case marker distribution, case syncretism influenced by way of semantics, syntax, or language touch, and case splits stimulated via pragmatics, metonymy, and subjectification.
By Silvia Luraghi