Download PDF by Richard G. Beidleman: California's Frontier Naturalists
By Richard G. Beidleman
This e-book chronicles the attention-grabbing tale of the enthusiastic, stalwart, and proficient naturalists who have been attracted to California's impressive common bounty over the a long time from 1786, while the los angeles P?rouse excursion arrived at Monterey, to the demise Valley excursion in 1890-91, the proclaimed "end" of the yankee frontier. Richard G. Beidleman's attractive and marvelously exact narrative describes those botanists, zoologists, geologists, paleontologists, astronomers, and ethnologists as they camped less than stars and confronted blizzards, made discoveries and accumulated collections, stored journals and misplaced valuables, sketched flora and landscapes, recorded comets and local languages. He weaves jointly the tales in their lives, their difficult fieldwork, their contributions to technology, and their interesting adventures opposed to the backdrop of California and international history.California's Frontier Naturalists covers all of the significant expeditions to California in addition to person and institutional explorations, introducing naturalists who followed boundary surveys, joined federal railroad events, traveled with river topographical expeditions, observed troops concerned with the Mexican struggle, and made up California's personal geological survey. between those early naturalists are well-known names--David Douglas, Thomas Nuttall, John Charles Fremont, William Brewer--as good as those who find themselves much less famous, together with Paolo Botta, Richard Hinds, and Sara Lemmon.
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Vancouver then proceeded along the Peruvian and Chilean coastlines, with a stay at Valparaiso, Chile, where some of the northern plants in the greenhouse that had succumbed to the sultry climate were replaced with South American ones. While in Valparaiso, Vancouver and ﬁve of the ship’s officers, including Menzies, received an invitation to visit the captain-general (governor) of Chile at his home in the inland capital city of Santiago. At dinner the dessert was garnished with strange seeds that caught Menzies’s eye.
Menzies, beneﬁting from his new assignment, was given an additional cabin where he could house his increasing collection of specimens. At Nootka Menzies learned that Don Quadra had been suffering from severe headaches for two years, and now as ship’s surgeon he provided some relief for the Spaniard, engendering a close friendship. At Nootka two unusual passengers were picked up, Raheina and Tymarrow, attractive Hawaiian maidens who had been brought to Nootka for nefarious purposes. Gallantly, Captain Vancouver offered them passage home.
Meanwhile, Menzies made several trips ashore, botanizing at the edge of the temperate rain forest. Much of his collecting took place during an excursion to the summit of the headland itself, where supposedly he discovered three “new” species of Ribes, the specimens preserved at the British Museum of Natural History Herbarium: Canyon Gooseberry, named after Vancouver’s Expedition with Menzies 33 Figure 4. Trinidad Head, California, visited by Archibald Menzies with Captain Vancouver in May 1793.
California's Frontier Naturalists by Richard G. Beidleman