Get Breast MRI: Fundamentals and Technical Aspects PDF
By R. Edward Hendrick PhD, FACR (auth.)
Breast MRI has emerged as a useful diagnostic adjunct to mammography and breast ultrasound within the detection of fundamental and recurrent breast cancers and as a major screening device in girls at excessive probability for breast melanoma. nonetheless, many radiologists who depend on MRI shouldn't have wisdom of the basics necessary to reaching and keeping excessive photograph caliber. With a spotlight at the uncomplicated imaging ideas of breast MRI instead of on mathematical equations, this publication takes a realistic method of breast imaging that is helping radiologists enhance their breast MRI protocols. The textual content walks the reader during the fundamentals of MRI, making it particularly available to newcomers. From a close define of apparatus must haves for acquiring prime quality breast MRI to directions on tips to optimize photo caliber, elevated discussions on easy methods to receive optimized dynamic info, and examples of fine and undesirable imaging strategies, the e-book covers the subjects proper to appearing top of the range breast MRI. by means of offering the major elements of breast MRI in a simple demeanour and with transparent pictures, this sensible booklet merits all practitioners trying to raise their operating wisdom and competence in breast MRI, and can be of price to citizens getting ready for board tests in diagnostic radiology.
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Additional resources for Breast MRI: Fundamentals and Technical Aspects
The precessional or Larmor frequency is determined by the magnetic field strength and the nucleus of interest. Radio-frequency electromagnetic waves applied at the Larmor frequency are used to flip the collective magnetization of tissue into the transverse plane where it can be measured. The precession of magnetic dipole moments around the direction of the magnetic field at the Larmor frequency causes tissue magnetization to induce an alternating electric current in a nearby receiver coil, enabling signal measurement.
Nuclear induction. Phys. Rev. 1946; 69, 127. Chapter 2 Tissue Relaxation Nuclear Magnetic Resonance At this point, we have referred to MR in two different ways: nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). NMR is the analytical technique of exciting and obtaining MR signal from an entire sample, breaking the measured signal into its individual frequency components to identify different molecules containing the nucleus of interest, but not separating the signal by location within the sample.
Some MR systems also permit shimming on a patient-by-patient basis by the technologist to correct for non-uniformities due to the patient and the specialized receiver coils that are placed in the bore of the magnet. Separate circuits control the shim coils, and re-shimming the magnet by adjusting the current flowing in those coils can increase magnetic field uniformity across the sensitive volume of the anatomical region being imaged. 5 Tesla magnet will be uniform to within 1 part per million (ppm) over a 30 to 40 cm volume at the isocenter of the MR scanner.
Breast MRI: Fundamentals and Technical Aspects by R. Edward Hendrick PhD, FACR (auth.)