Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction by Sahotra Sarkar PDF

By Sahotra Sarkar

ISBN-10: 0521851327

ISBN-13: 9780521851329

This booklet explores the epistemological and moral matters on the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises makes an attempt to characteristic intrinsic price to nature and defends an anthropocentric place on biodiversity conservation in accordance with an untraditional thought of transformative price. not like different stories within the box of environmental philosophy, this e-book is as a lot taken with epistemological concerns as with environmental ethics. It covers a large diversity of themes, together with difficulties of clarification and prediction in conventional ecology and the way individual-based types and Geographic info structures (GIS) expertise is remodeling ecology. Introducing a short heritage of conservation biology, Sarkar analyses the consensus framework for conservation making plans via adaptive administration. He concludes with a dialogue of instructions for theoretical examine in conservation biology and environmental philosophy.

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Sample text

The justification for biodiversity conservation defended in the first part of this book is anthropocentric. Consequently, the framework developed in the second part for incorporating both biodiversity-related and other human values into a conservation plan employs techniques co-opted from the social sciences. Had the first part of the book concluded that biodiversity conservation has its ethical basis in nonhuman values and interests, no such seamless transition between biodiversity-related values and other human values would have been possible.

However, how likely is it that this is going to lead to the disappearance of truly novel forms of life, at higher taxonomic levels than species and genera, that would sustain our intellectual curiosity? The truth is that we do not know. We may point to the continued discovery of novelty in the past. Skeptics will point out that our history of exploration of this sort is a very short one compared to all of human history. Biological science, as we practice it, goes back no further than Linnaeus (1707–1778).

But, historically, at least one of the premises is known to be false in typical cases: that individuals (or groups) necessarily benefit by taking more than the fair share. Community values often act to ensure that there is a cost to taking more than the fair share. Local control of resources often does not lead to the depletion of biodiversity or other common goods. For instance, the S`ami reindeer herders of northern Norway divide and 25 26 27 Lovejoy (1986), p. 22. Norton (1987), p. 67, calls this problem a “zero-infinity” dilemma.

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Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction by Sahotra Sarkar

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