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By D. Sommer
These essays carry domestic the main hard observations of postmodernism-multiple identities, the fragility of that means, the dangers of verbal exchange. Sommer asserts that many of us generally live-that is, imagine, think, create, cause, convince, laugh-in multiple language. She claims that conventional scholarship (aesthetics; language and philosophy; psychoanalysis, and politics) can't see or listen multiple language at a time. The objective of those essays is to create a brand new box: bilingual arts & aesthetics which learn the cultured product produced via bilingual diasporic groups. the focal point of this quantity is the Americas, yet examples and theoretical proposals come from Europe to boot. In either parts, the problem deals one other point of complexity to the migrant and cosmopolitan personality of neighborhood societies in a world economy.
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Additional info for Bilingual Games: Some Literary Investigations
To give an example of how things were, I can say that in the early sev- IS MONOLINGUALISM POSSIBLE? Í 45 enties, while serving in the military, I made the acquaintance of a number of Catalan boys from rural Girona who had difficulty speaking Spanish but who could not read any Catalan at all. I gave them a couple of my own Catalan books, and when they discovered that they could read them easily once they got used to the new spelling conventions, they were so delighted that I never saw my books again.
What is important for my argument here is that all these differences between Italian and French (and English) can be read as the consequences of a single fundamental difference: In some languages (such as French or English and, we might add, Nigerian, Edo [an African language]), every tensed clause must have an overt subject. Conversely, in some other languages (Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Japanese, Navajo) tensed clauses need not have an overt subject. A myriad of differences will flow from the single axis of the null subject parameter, depending on how it is instrumented in a particular language system.
Conclusion In February 2001, Álvaro Galmés, a well-known and universally respected scholar in the field of Romance studies, delivered a lecture on IS MONOLINGUALISM POSSIBLE? Í 47 Las Lenguas de España (the Languages of Spain), at the Academy of History in Madrid.
Bilingual Games: Some Literary Investigations by D. Sommer