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Stowell 1981:410) If these verbs were involved in a Larsonian VP-shell structure like the following and the matrix verbs were moved overtly from the lower verb head to the upper one, then the null C would be precluded for the same reason as it is in French: Note here that there is another class of verbs/adjectives that is similar to the one in (15) but cannot license the null C in their complement. This class of verbs/adjectives includes suggest to NP, important, write down, point out, seem to NP, and happen: (17) a.

The Germanic SOV languages differ from Italian and Portuguese in that Vto-C takes place in the matrix clause, as in (39), as well as in the embedded Verb Raising and Null Complementizers 35 clause, as in (40), and that it must co-occur with topicalization to [Spec, C]. The topic phrases can be an object NP or an adjunct phrase: (40) German (Muller 1996:377): a. Sie sagte, diese Buch habe Sie nie gelesen. ' b. Dutch (Hulk and van Kemenade 1993:183): Hij zei gisteren heeft hij hem gezien. 3, and the second difference can be derived from the assumption that the null C in Germanic languages, unlike that in Romance languages, has a strong uninterpretable topic feature to be checked off in overt syntax.

Now, let us apply the suggestion to the case at hand. Then, the correct derivation of (51) proceeds step by step, as follows: As a result of the local applications of affix reanalysis, we obtain the complex word in (61), which does not violate condition (5) since it is in all relevant respects nondistinct from (62) in that a single null affix is adjoined by an overt head as in the Germanic V2 configuration: 42 A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections Hence, the MSLs allow the null C in a complement clause even if the matrix verbs occur in a V2 configuration.

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Balti grammar by A.F.C. Read

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