Peter Ackema, Patrick Brandt, Maaike Schoorlemmer, Fred's Arguments and Agreement PDF
By Peter Ackema, Patrick Brandt, Maaike Schoorlemmer, Fred Weermann
This e-book explores the function of contract morphology within the morphosyntactic recognition of a verb's arguments. It examines the variations and parallels among configurational and nonconfigurational languages, languages that permit pronoun drop purely specifically structures, and languages which consistently require overt syntactic determiner words as arguments. those and similar matters are explored within the context of a variety of languages. The ebook will curiosity linguists at graduate point and above serious about morphosyntactic thought, typology, and the interactions of syntax and morphology in numerous languages.
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Extra resources for Arguments and Agreement
Before I go on to discuss languages that lack AGR altogether, let us clarify the relationship between spec,AGRP and the VP-internal subject position. In a language like Italian, pro remains in its VP-internal position until spell-out. I assume that at LF, pro moves to the spec of AGRP in order to satisfy the requirement that AGR be checked in a spec–head relation. In a language like English, spec,AGRP must be filled prior to spell-out. This proposal implies that in such a language, pro is possible in the spec of VP in principle, but that some overt element must nonetheless occupy the spec of AGRP.
Now, given that the person feature may neutralize, the same might be true for the number feature, which would yield a paradigm with the same forms for the singular and plural of a particular person feature—for example, second person—but with different forms for different persons. 2 In terms of the hierarchical make-up of the paradigm, 2 Of course, any two cells in a paradigm can contain the same overt affix, given the possibility of accidental homonymy. This situation must be distinguished from instances of neutralization of some dimension in another dimension of the paradigm, however; see Blevins (1995) for a detailed discussion of this issue.
However, I take the position that in languages which have AGR features, the relevant head is AGR, while in languages which lack AGR, the relevant head may be Tense, Aspect, or perhaps the verb. (Cf. ) In Japanese, then, there is no AGR head at all. In a language like Japanese, the subject may be null because nothing forces movement into the spec of AGR, since there is no projection to be made legitimate. The reason that an AGRP projection is necessary in languages with residual agreement is that AGR features, if they exist in a language, must be checked in a spec–head relation by LF.
Arguments and Agreement by Peter Ackema, Patrick Brandt, Maaike Schoorlemmer, Fred Weermann