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By Eric J. Reuland, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Giorgos Spathas
Fresh advancements within the generative culture have created new curiosity in issues of argument constitution and argument projection, giving prominence to the dialogue at the position of lexical entries. relatively, the extra conventional lexicalist view that encodes argument constitution info on lexical entries is now challenged through a syntactic view less than which all houses of argument constitution are taken up via syntactic constitution. within the mild of those new advancements, the contributions during this quantity supply specific empirical investigations of argument constitution phenomena in a variety of languages. The contributions range of their reaction to the theoretical questions and deal with matters that variety from the position of particular sensible heads and the relation of argument projection with syntactic techniques, to the location of argument constitution inside a broader clausal structure and the argument constitution homes of much less studied different types.
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31) : /smear/V, (‘smear manner of applying’), (‘surface contact’) = on The interpretation of this type of components is what results in the surface differences between hit-type verbs and smear-type verbs. Projecting argument structure The two components allow for the projection of the cause structure in (32). ’ The parallel change structure Mud smeared on the wall is blocked, in much the same way as the change structure of cut, due to the component, which indicates a particular manner of applying.
In this way, the so-called ‘theta-role’ is derived structurally. There is no further structural distinction between the two subject types. (3) a. V b. D α V V D V N θ c. : In addition to the three simple structures, a complex structure is also derivable. Chomsky (2000) suggests weakening the requirement that an item of a lexical array be removed when accessed in computation, thereby allowing multiple copies. We make use of this suggestion: multiple selection allows the merger of an additional copy of the verb with the structures of (3).
Our examination is conducted within a theory of the lexicon-syntax relation that we have been developing over the past few years. In this theory, the meanings of verbs are decomposed into atomic meaning components which themselves project syntactic structure. Because the meaning components themselves are responsible for syntactic structure, syntactic properties are directly derivable from the meaning of the verb; and the combination of the meaning components and the structures projected yields all the semantic properties of verbs as well.
Argument Structure (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today) by Eric J. Reuland, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Giorgos Spathas