Download e-book for kindle: Anaphora: A Cross-linguistic Study by Yan Huang
By Yan Huang
Figuring out any verbal exchange is dependent upon the listener or reader spotting that a few phrases consult with what has already been acknowledged or written (his, its, he, there, etc.). This mode of reference, anaphora, consists of advanced cognitive and syntactic methods, which individuals frequently practice unerringly, yet which current bold difficulties for the linguist and cognitive scientist attempting to clarify accurately how comprehension is accomplished. Yan Huang presents an in depth and available evaluate of the main modern matters surrounding anaphora and provides a serious survey of the various and various modern ways to it. He presents by way of some distance the fullest cross-linguistic account but released: Dr Huang's survey and research are in line with a wealthy selection of facts drawn from round 450 of the world's languages.
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Extra info for Anaphora: A Cross-linguistic Study
As noted earlier in Section 2. 1 . 1 , there are four di stinct types of EC in Chomsky's typology of NPs, namely NP-trace, pro, PRO, and wh-trace. Of these four types, NP-trace and wh-trace are ECs which arise, arguably, as a result of some kind of movement. By contrast, pro and PRO are considered to be base-generated ECs. NP-traces An NP-trace is an EC that is left behind by the movement of an NP. The landing site of an NP-trace is typically an A-position, therefore an NP-trace must be A-bound.
B) (French) Pierre I a vu un serpent pres de *Iui-memelfluil . ' (iii) (a) (Modern Hebrew, Faltz 1 985: I I I ) mosel raa naxas al-yad acmol/yadol . ' (b) (Tagalog, Faltz 1 985: 1 1 2- 1 3) nakakita si Juanl ng ahas malapit sa see-PAST TOP Juan GOAL snake near kaniyang sarilil/kaniyal. g. g. Dutch, Italian, and Old Proven9al), some Slavonic languages (Czech, Polish, and Russian), and languages like Greek, KiNande, and Northern Porno. 22). 22) (a) (Malay, Ngoh 1 99 1 ) Timah memberitahu Rohani bahawa Timah tell Rohani that Ali memandang rendah akan dirinyalnya.
4 1 ) to binding condition C2• If this is the case, then there is no avoiding the conclusion that binding condition C2 can also be falsified. 42) and more generally to Reinhart and Reuland's (1 993) position that binding condition C is not a primitive of grammar. 42) Chomsky's general discourse principle (a) Avoid repetition of r-expressions, except when conditions warrant. (b) When conditions warrant, repeat. 42), can be subsumed under or explained by the neo-Gricean pragmatic theory of anaphora I have been developing.
Anaphora: A Cross-linguistic Study by Yan Huang