Download PDF by Matthew Jones: After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear
By Matthew Jones
Via emphasising the function of nuclear matters, After Hiroshima offers a brand new historical past of yank coverage in Asia among the shedding of the atomic bombs on Japan and the escalation of the Vietnam warfare. Drawing on quite a lot of documentary proof, Matthew Jones charts the advance of yank nuclear approach and the international coverage difficulties it raised, because the usa either faced China and tried to win the friendship of an Asia rising from colonial domination. In underlining American perceptions that Asian peoples observed the potential repeat use of nuclear guns as a manifestation of Western attitudes of 'white superiority', he bargains new insights into the hyperlinks among racial sensitivities and the behavior folks coverage, and a clean interpretation of the transition in American method from enormous retaliation to versatile reaction within the period spanned through the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
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Additional info for After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965
46 Pointing to nationalist unrest in Indonesia, Indochina, Korea and India, one column in the New York Times noted in early 1946 that ‘Japan lost the war, but her slogan “Asia for the Asiatics” appears to have won. 49 In this kind of overall context, where one of the key effects of the war as a whole was to raise the international proﬁle and transnational signiﬁcance of issues surrounding race, as well as drawing attention to the structures that underpinned Western dominance, it is therefore not surprising that some Asian commentators saw a racial factor at work in the use of the 45 46 47 48 49 Grew to Winant, 17 May 1945, Foreign Relations of the United States (hereafter FRUS), 1945, VI: The British Commonwealth, The Far East (Washington, DC, 1969), 251.
40 For one State Department 37 39 40 Quoted in Thorne, Issue of War, 178. 38 Quoted in Thorne, Allies, 594–5. Pearl S. Buck, ‘The Race Barrier “That Must Be Destroyed”’, New York Times (hereafter NYT), 31 May 1942, and for Buck’s larger statement on the impact of the Far Eastern war, see her collection of speeches and articles, American Unity and Asia (New York, 1942), especially ‘Tinder for Tomorrow’, 22–33. On Buck, see Dower, War without Mercy, 159–60, and 345, n. 17. Pearl S. Buck, ‘China Faces the Future’, lecture delivered at the New School for Social Research, New York, 13 October 1942, Pearl S.
Frank makes the point that this was a casualty ﬁgure mentioned in a decrypted Japanese Imperial Navy message that Truman had probably seen the previous day; see Frank, Downfall, 302. In the shadow of Hiroshima 23 special treatment because of their notional race, and the terrible toll in lives which came about with the ﬁre-bombing of Japanese cities from March 1945 onwards were but reﬁnements of techniques used over Germany. 66 Though it could be argued that some of the racially based animosities of the war years made even more unlikely any inclination to check the in-built assumption of the Manhattan Project that once designed and tested the bomb would be used, this is impossible to demonstrate.
After Hiroshima: The United States, Race, and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965 by Matthew Jones