Download PDF by J. K. Tien, J. M. Davidson (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger: Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology
By J. K. Tien, J. M. Davidson (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W. Staehle (eds.)
This sequence was once geared up to supply a discussion board for evaluate papers within the quarter of corrosion. the purpose of those studies is to carry sure components of corrosiou technology and expertise right into a sharp concentration. The volumes of this sequence are released nearly on a every year foundation and every includes 3 to 5 studies. The articles in every one quantity are chosen in this type of manner as to be of curiosity either to the corrosion scientists and the corrosion technologists. there's, in truth, a specific objective in juxtaposing those pursuits as a result of the significance of mutual interplay and interdisciplinarity so vital in corrosion stories. it's was hoping that the corrosion scientists during this approach may possibly remain abreast of the actions in corrosion know-how and vice versa. during this sequence the time period "corrosion" is utilized in its very broadest feel. It contains, accordingly, not just the degradation of metals in aqueous en vironment but in addition what's usually known as "high-temperature oxidation. " extra, the plan is to be much more normal than those themes; the sequence will comprise all solids and all environments. this present day, engineering solids comprise not just metals yet glasses, ionic solids, polymeric solids, and composites of those. Environments of curiosity needs to be prolonged to liquid metals, a large choice of gases, nonaqueous electrolytes, and different non aqueous liquids.
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Additional info for Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology
From Eqs. (14) and (15) and Table 4, we see that the thermal stress is usually compressive in the oxide and tensile in the substrate during downquench, and vice versa during up-quench. The NiOjFe system is one important exception to this generality. Hence, depending on the sense of the applied (mechanical) stress and the sense ofthe temperature change during a mission, the growth or thermally induced residual stresses in the substrate can be either deleterious, in the case that they add to the applied stress, or beneficial, in the case that they subtract from the applied stress, to creep resistance.
The often-observed temperature- and stress-dependent transitions between Types I and II behaviors are less easily rationalized, and are most probably related to numerous variable parameters pertaining to oxide type and morphology, creep mode, and alloy system. For instance, at higher temperatures, especially in the high-chromium or -aluminum oxidationresistant alloys, one would expect thicker oxide scales, and hence air strengthening. In fact, this temperature transition has been suggested to reflect a switchover from oxide scale strengthening at higher temperatures, to gaseous adsorption weakening, particularly at crack tips, at lower temperatures.
Again, Type I behavior is typified by air strengthening. More specifically, for coarse grained nickel-base superalloy it appears that the environment affected creep rate mainly through the stress-dependence term and not so much through the temperature-dependence or activation-energy term. That 31 Corrosion Creep and Stress Rupture environment did not affect the temperature dependence of creep is not surprising, since one would not expect a surface environment to result in a drastic change ofthe thermally activated processes of dislocation motion, which are usually rate-controlled by vacancy self-diffusion.
Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology by J. K. Tien, J. M. Davidson (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W. Staehle (eds.)