Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery - download pdf or read online
By Prof. L. F. Agnati, I. Zini, M. Zoli, K. Fuxe, E. Merlo Pich, R. Grimaldi, G. Toffano (auth.), L. Symon, J. Brihaye, F. Cohadon, B. Guidetti, F. Loew, J. D. Miller, H. Nornes, E. Pásztor, B. Pertuiset, M. G. Yaşargil (eds.)
As an addition to the ecu postgraduate education procedure for younger neurosurgeons we started to post in 1974 this sequence dedicated to Advances and Technical criteria in Neurosurgery which was once later backed via the ecu organization of Neurosurgical Societies. the truth that the English language is easily in order to turning into the foreign medium at ecu clinical meetings is a smart asset when it comes to mutual figuring out. accordingly we've got determined to post all contributions in English, whatever the local language of the authors. All contributions are submitted to the whole editorial board sooner than book of any quantity. Our sequence isn't meant to compete with the guides of unique medical papers in different neurosurgical journals. Our goal is, fairly, to offer fields of neurosurgery and comparable parts within which vital fresh advances were made. The contributions are written via experts within the given fields and represent the 1st a part of every one quantity. within the moment a part of every one quantity, we submit distinct descriptions of normal operative techniques, offered through skilled clinicians; in those articles the authors describe the suggestions they hire and clarify the benefits, problems and hazards inquisitive about some of the tactics. This half is meant basically to help younger neurosurgeons of their publish graduate education. even though, we're confident that it'll even be worthwhile to skilled, totally expert neurosurgeons.
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Brain Res 149: 89-96 20. Berg KD (1984) New neuronal growth factors. Ann Rev Neurosci 7: 149170 21. Berry M (1982) Post-injury myelin-breakdown products inhibit axonal growth: an hypothesis to explain the failure of axonal regeneration in the mammalian central nervous system. In: Berry N (ed) Growth and regeneration of axon in the nervous system. Bibliotheca Anatomica, vol 23. Karger, Basel, pp 1-11 22. Berry M (1985) Regeneration and plasticity in the CNS. In: Swash M, Kennard C (eds) Scientific basis of clinical neurology.
Therefore, one or more proteins different from NGF are involved in lesioninduced brain neurite promoting activity. G. Interplay of Various Trophic Agents and Growth Inhibitory Substances in Regeneration Production of survival or growth promoting substances in denervated target cells or reactive astrocytes do only partially explain the heterogeneity of the regenerative features in the CNS. The existence of growth inhibitory substances has been proposed in order to explain regenerative failure in mammals and birds after a brain lesion.
However, central and peripheral neurons may not survive in a glucosecontaining medium even when supplemented with N 1 ingredients and trophic factors, unless pyruvate is supplied (Selak et al. 1985). Pyruvate secreted by astroglial cells in culture has been shown to support CNS neuron survival (Selak et al. 1985). Signals from neurons may in turn reach the glial cells. Magistretti and collaborators (1983) demonstrated that neurotransmitters released from neurons, such as vasoactive intestinal peptide, noradrenaline and DA containing neurons, produce a rapid gluconeogenesis and thus mobilization of energy substrates such as pyruvate, in cultured astrocytes.
Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery by Prof. L. F. Agnati, I. Zini, M. Zoli, K. Fuxe, E. Merlo Pich, R. Grimaldi, G. Toffano (auth.), L. Symon, J. Brihaye, F. Cohadon, B. Guidetti, F. Loew, J. D. Miller, H. Nornes, E. Pásztor, B. Pertuiset, M. G. Yaşargil (eds.)