Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics - download pdf or read online

By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky

ISBN-10: 9027255369

ISBN-13: 9789027255365

ISBN-10: 9027288348

ISBN-13: 9789027288349

Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly reports within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in quite a few languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, sleek Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical matters explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the id of adjectives as a unique lexical classification in Mandarin chinese language. a different 4 contributions study diversified points within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and point in adjectives. This quantity might be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.

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Introduction Some languages use different forms of the same adjective depending on its syntactic position. In German, for example, attributive adjectives appear with an inflection (signaling agreement) which is absent from the predicative use. In Slavic languages, attributively used adjectives may appear with an additional inflection, which never appears on predicatively used adjectives. In other words, predicative adjectives are “shorter” than those appearing attributively. 1 I will examine the behavior of *The research reported in this paper benefited from discussions and exchanges on various occasions with Anne Zribi-Hertz, Wayles Browne, Željko Bošković and Midhat Riđanović, and I am grateful to them for the help, ideas, and information they provided.

Oxford: OUP. W & Aikhenvald, A. (eds). 2004. Adjective Classes: A Cross-linguistic Typological Study. Oxford: OUP. Doetjes, J. 2008. Adjectives and degree modification. In Adjectives and Adverbs, L. McNally & C. Kennedy (eds), 123–155. Oxford: OUP. , Neeleman, A. & van de Koot, H. 1998. Degree expressions and the autonomy of syntax. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 10. Fanselow, G. 1986. On the sentential nature of prenominal adjectives in German. Folia Linguistica 20: 341–380. Gebert, L. 1981.

Another point that I will not discuss here is the phrasal vs. head status of attributive adjectives. Regarding the phenomenon of ellipsis, there is nothing wrong about an adjective sitting in a head position while the material to its right undergoes ellipsis (although there remains the question of Spec-head agreement); ellipsis facts do not actually show that long adjectives should be APs rather than A0 heads. 1.  Nadira Aljović split reading, the only one available in this example (the examples and representations 10–13 are taken from Heycock & Zamparelli 2000).

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Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today) by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky


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