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By Matt Garcia
Tracing the historical past of intercultural fight and cooperation within the citrus belt of better la, Matt Garcia explores the social and cultural forces that helped make town the expansive and various city that it really is at the present time. because the citrus-growing areas of the San Gabriel and Pomona Valleys in jap la County multiplied throughout the early 20th century, the rural there constructed alongside segregated traces, essentially among white landowners and Mexican and Asian employees. in the beginning, those groups have been sharply divided. yet la, in contrast to different agricultural areas, observed very important possibilities for intercultural alternate strengthen round the arts and inside multiethnic group teams. no matter if fostered in such casual settings as dance halls and theaters or in such formal firms because the Intercultural Council of Claremont or the Southern California team spirit Leagues, those interethnic encounters shaped the foundation for political cooperation to deal with exertions discrimination and clear up difficulties of residential and academic segregation. even though intercultural collaborations weren't continuously profitable, Garcia argues that they represent an incredible bankruptcy not just in Southern California's social and cultural improvement but additionally within the greater heritage of yank race kinfolk.
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Additional resources for A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970
For Chaﬀey, success depended on access to government and education and the fair and equitable distribution of natural resources. The settlement of families on small, ten-acre farms ensured a manageable population density, while well-planned roads made downtown available to everyone. Last, the linearity of the community conformed to Victorian standards of beauty and attracted more investors to the town. Reyner Banham admired Ontario for initiating a pattern of ‘‘urban’’ development for greater Los Angeles.
Although Mexican citrus workers organized strikes and joined progressive unions whenever possible and necessary, more often these disfranchised, racialized, and segregated minorities challenged discriminatory conditions through an ‘‘infrapolitics’’ that transcended the workplace. 10 Scholars invested in this new deﬁnition of working-class politics most frequently locate expressions of alternative cultural formation in the complex and occasionally contradictory arena of popular culture. The term popular culture is used throughout this book in opposition to exclusive and essentialist deﬁnitions of ‘‘culture’’ as elite art forms, artifacts, and representations.
Southern California possessed an environment unusually endowed with rich agricultural land that allowed it to achieve these two objectives. ’’ 23 During the 1920s and 1930s, Clements downplayed suburban/urban distinctions and made farming in Southern California the business of the lacc and the city. He took particular interest in the citrus industry, frequently speaking at local grower association conferences, coordinating meetings between ranchers, and representing their interests in Congress and the California State Assembly.
A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970 by Matt Garcia