A Theory of Phrase Markers and the Extended Base by Robert A. Chametzky PDF
By Robert A. Chametzky
This piece of thought building in the govt & Binding (GB) method of syntax makes a speciality of the bottom part and at the nature of word markers. famous structural proof approximately C-command, coordinate constructions, adjuncts, and Islands are easily assumed, and a theoretical cause of those structural evidence is built. The emphasis is on keeping apart theoretical primitives and deducing implications of those primitives in the course of the articulation of an acceptable theoretical structure. nearly completely, concerns of coherence, simplicity, and association are used to provide an explanation for structural evidence. constitution is the direct aim of conception building, instead of being derived from different concerns.
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Additional resources for A Theory of Phrase Markers and the Extended Base
With respect to (17´), the only nodes in a syntactic structure which will immediately dominate nothing are those which are in the instantiation relation with a lexical item. (14´) Project Alpha: an instantiated node labelled X is dominated by an uninterrupted sequence of X labelled nodes. (17´) Minimal Projection: X = Xo iff X immediately dominates nothing. " And (1990: 46) that "an structure is projected from the lexical items" I take these quotes from Speas to mean the following. X-Bar theory has been, at least in part.
D. "is to the left of" is transitive and antisymmetric (that is, "is to the left of" is a partial order). e. If x1 and x2 are two distinct terminal nodes (a node x is terminal if there is no y N such that x directly dominates y), then either x1 is to the left of x2 or x2 is to the left of x1 (that is, the terminal nodes are totally ordered). f. For any x1, x2 N, if x1 dominates x2, then neither x1 is to the left of x2 nor x2 is to the left of x1 (that is, a node has no order relationship to nodes that it dominates).
Travis in arguing that intermediate "bar levels" have no theoretical status in syntax. Speas claims (1990: 42) that "principles of grammar do not specifically refer to" intermediate levelsand presumably they may not. There is, to be sure, intermediate structure, but this is of an "'elsewhere' case'' nature (1990; 42). , by the lexical item in the instantiation relation with the minimal projection) and "the requirement that all lexical requirements of the head be instantiated in syntax. The head continues to project until all of the positions in its theta grid have been discharged" (Speas 1990: 45).
A Theory of Phrase Markers and the Extended Base by Robert A. Chametzky