A Pragmatic Logic for Commands by Melvin Joseph Adler PDF

By Melvin Joseph Adler

ISBN-10: 902722501X

ISBN-13: 9789027225016

The aim of this essay is to either talk about instructions as a species of speech act and to debate instructions in the broader framework of the way they're used and reacted to.

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Example text

Let A be a logic of action and let AC be a subset of the powerset of sentences of  closed under the operations and, or, and then, and formation of subsets. ; AC will be called the set of actions of the system; and each A. will be called and action. Definition 1: A command is an ordered three-tuple (X, , , A) where X is a finite non-empty set called the addressee set of the command,  is 'a set of execution-preconditions for the command, T is (a) non-empty A PRAGMATIC LOGIC FOR COMMANDS 48 time interval(s) during which the command is over which the command is defined), tion or result.

Hypothetical Generally speaking, these are sentences whose traditional grammatical classification is unclear because it contains as a sub­ part an imperative sentence and is yet not just an instance of a com­ mand with an execution precondition. ', and so on. How these sentences are to be analyzed has long been a subject of 44 An interesting approach to the problem is found in controversy. Clarke (1975), whose salient features will represent our point of de­ parture. In the first section of Clarke's essay - the part that really interests us - he postulates two restrictions on what he calls con­ ditional imperative sentences.

People plan only to that stage of detail which they believe to be necessary in order to follow through with their plans;38 things are never planned or can never be planned to the last possible detail. Furthermore, it is a fact that in real life situations which call for decisions, we humans consider only a finite number of alter­ natives, dividing proposed actions into only a finite number of subactions where necessary, as we are limited in time as well as physical and mental capacity: since it is just such pragmatic real-life (ad­ mittedly psychological) aspects of commands that I want to capture within the institution of commands under discussion, it seems reason­ able to accept assumption 8.

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A Pragmatic Logic for Commands by Melvin Joseph Adler

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