New PDF release: A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole

By McWhorter, John; Good, Jeff

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole PDF

Best grammar books

Download PDF by Kevin Wilson, Jennifer Wauson: The AMA Handbook of Business Writing: The Ultimate Guide to

Observe: Retail-quality PDF. Searchable, bookmarked.

Just simply because you're now not a born author doesn't suggest you might want to accept under ideal company files. finally, every bit you write displays without delay at the caliber of the services or products your enterprise bargains. Now, this useful advisor takes the guesswork out of greater than 50 universal company files, together with: stories Proposals; enterprise plans; shows; Press releases; Memos; e-mail Newsletters; assortment letters; and, revenues fabrics. prepared alphabetically and cross-referenced for simpler use, the publication provides transparent examples of ways to (and how to not) create profitable fabrics whenever. The authors' step by step directions start with an outline of the writing strategy, from practise and learn throughout to ultimate evaluate and booklet. pattern records express you ways your items may still glance and browse, and shut to three hundred person entries conceal key issues of grammar, sort and spelling, and current recommendations for writing extra basically, warding off bias, disposing of cliches, and lots more and plenty extra.

Yan-kit Ingrid Leung's Third language acquisition and universal grammar PDF

"Third Language Acquisition and common Grammar" includes 9 chapters on grownup 3rd language (L3) or multilingual acquisition from the common Grammar (UG) viewpoint. various languages except English are curious about the reports suggested within the papers, together with Cantonese chinese language, French, German, Italian, jap, Kazakh, Mandarin chinese language, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, and Thai, with acquisition situations occurring in a few diverse geographical destinations, equivalent to Canada, Germany, Hong Kong, Norway, Taiwan, Thailand, the united kingdom and the united states.

Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Volume 3, by Timothy Shopen PDF

This three-volume survey brings jointly a group of prime students to discover the syntactic and morphological constructions of the world's languages. essentially prepared and broad-ranging, it covers themes resembling parts-of-speech, passives, complementation, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, inflectional morphology, demanding, element, temper, and diexis.

Extra resources for A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole

Example text

Dѓѓ̗ ‘dry’ and mѓ̗ti ‘meter’ vs. mѓtѓ̗ ‘meddle’; and fiká ‘remain’ vs. fuká ‘distress’ and bási ‘boss’ vs. ’ The vowel e For our main consultants, the Saramaccan vowel e would appear to be broadly transcribable as IPA [e], that is, as a higher mid front vowel. Such a transcription is in agreement with Rountree’s (1972b) transcription of this vowel in a description of the Upper River dialect of the language. ) Voorhoeve’s (1959: 438) description of the Lower River dialect transcribed this vowel as [ܼ], suggesting a higher phonetic realization than what is implied by [e], and the vowel chart he gives further implies that e is not only lower than i but also further back in articulation than either i or ѓ.

The presence of these pairs is related to a sound change, with fairly complex conditioning factors (see Smith [1987b: 210–224] for relevant discussion), deleting word-medial l’s (which, in some cases, go back historically to other alveolar consonants like d or r). This sound change partly explains, for example, the form of the words béi ‘bury’ (from English bury, passing through a stage with a form like béri) and fúu ‘full’ (from English full, passing through a stage with a form like fúlu). ) Instances of words where l alternates with nothing intervocalically simply represent cases where, for some reason, the sound change is not consistently applied synchronically (perhaps due to dialect borrowing or influence from other Surinamese creoles which did not undergo the sound change but show otherwise similar forms in some cases).

On the other hand, one finds an epenthetic i in words like póbíki ‘doll’ from Sranan popki ‘doll,’ báíki ‘beam’ from Sranan barki ‘beam,’ and féífi ‘paint’ from Sranan ferfi ‘paint’ – in the case of the last two words the vowels no longer appear as epenthetic because of the loss of intervocalic l (see the section on that consonant above), either because of a historical sound change affecting these words directly or as the result of an established Sranan transfer rule. In addition to the quality of adjacent vowels, the quality of the consonants being broken up by the epenthetic vowel can also be relevant.

Download PDF sample

A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole by McWhorter, John; Good, Jeff


by Steven
4.1

Rated 4.47 of 5 – based on 19 votes